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<a href="https://www.allaboutinterventions.com/2017/05/04/trauma-ptsd-children/"><img src="https://www.allaboutinterventions.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Trauma-PTSD-and-Children.png" /></a> All About Interventions <a href="https://www.allaboutinterventions.com/">All About Interventions</a>
Trauma is subjective, meaning what matters most is the individual’s internal beliefs and their innate sensitivity to stress, not whether a family member or therapist or other outsider deems an experience traumatic. We all know people who were in the same combat zone, present at ground zero, have seen a life-threatening event, or who have been bullied and persecuted, etc. will have differing responses. There is a link between emotional trauma (i.e. the increase in the number and frequency of events) and a link to substance abuse.
In the Journal of Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental, a study was published which showed a link between childhood trauma and alcoholism. For example, a study of children who lived near ground zero were more likely to experience trauma the more exposure they had to a life-threatening event (such as knowing someone who dies or fearing for their life), which correlated with a higher likelihood they were to use alcohol and other drugs. Furthermore, the study reports that “a child with four or more adverse childhood experiences is five times more likely to become alcoholic and 60 percent more likely to become obese, and a boy with 4 or more of these adverse experiences is 46 times more likely to become an injection user than others.” The researchers of the Adverse Childhood Experience, which followed 17,000 Kaiser patients, further found that the effects of trauma are cumulative and that one of the most destructive forms is “chronic recurrent humiliation,” a big term for name-calling or ridicule.